American Racial History Timeline, Race riot in New Orleans is sparked by a shoot-out between the police and a negro laborer. Twenty thousand people are drawn into the riot that lasted four days. The new law stated that railroads were not required to have second-class coaches. Jim Crow History. White of North Carolina fails in his reelection bid. Negroes would not serve again in Congress until
Interracial Marriage Bans Were About Eugenics, Not Redefining Marriage
Interracial Marriage and Gay Marriage- any historic parallels?
Colonial era[ edit ] The first laws criminalizing marriage and sex between whites and non whites were enacted in the colonial era in the English colonies of Virginia and Maryland , which depended economically on unpaid labor such as slavery. At first, in the s, the first laws in Virginia and Maryland regulating marriage between whites and blacks only pertained to the marriages of whites with black and mulatto slaves and indentured servants. In , Maryland enacted a law which criminalized such marriages—the marriage of Irish-born Nell Butler to an African slave was an early example of the application of this law. Virginia was the first English colony in North America to pass a law forbidding free blacks and whites to intermarry, followed by Maryland in This was the first time in American history that a law was invented that restricted access to marriage partners solely on the basis of "race", not class or condition of servitude. Moreover, after the independence of the United States had been established, similar laws were enacted in territories and states which outlawed slavery.
Anti-miscegenation laws in the United States
Goodridge v. In a landmark ruling on November 18, , the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court ruled that the state may not deny the protections, benefits and obligations conferred by civil marriage to two individuals of the same-sex who wish to marry. Is it possible to decide whether the state should recognize same-sex marriage without taking sides in the moral and religious controversy over the purpose of marriage and the moral status of homosexuality?
March Whites support political reforms in referendum. June Kenyan president Moi visits, signals end of African boycott. Negotiations suspended. Constitutional negotiations resume. Death of ANC president Tambo.